The decision to settle in the space under the roof is quite reasonable and rational. In addition to the fact that the attic is the most romantic place in the house overlooking the Milky Way, it is also the treasured square meters of additional living space.
Here you can equip a rest room and a winter garden, a playroom for children or a cozy bedroom, and if space permits, then a full-fledged apartment with all amenities.
This option is especially relevant for low-rise new buildings in the suburbs of megacities.
And if you are seriously thinking about creating a residential interior in the attic space, then first you should familiarize yourself with some of the design features of the attic.
The suitability of an attic for living is determined by three fundamental factors:
- the corresponding shape of the roof,
- load-bearing roof structure,
- attic floor structure.
An important condition for a mansard roof is slope anglewhich must be at least 350, and the larger it is, the more comfortable living in the attic will be. It is clear that gentle and flat roofs for arranging mansards are unsuitable.
Suitable for attic space gable roof with a pediment (right) and gable hip (bottom left).
Such roofs do not have vertical support posts, which greatly contributes to the creation of a residential interior.
However, you should be aware that the presence of horizontal beams will allow you to create a living space if they are located at least 2.2 m from the floor line.
Naturally, mansard roof type has a special design that opens up maximum possibilities for design – a double break and a sufficiently large height allow you to create interesting plastic transitions.
In addition, they provide the living space with maximum usable area.
Least suitable as an attic tented and lean-to roofs, which significantly limit the planning possibilities and the usable area of the interior.
Houses with a span of more than 10 m must have roofs as part of the supporting structure vertical support posts somewhat restricting freedom of movement, but their rhythmic arrangement can be interestingly beaten with the help of a well-chosen interior style solution.
If a overlap between the upper floor and the attic was not previously provided for operational loads, then it will need to be strengthened.
And most importantly, if the attic cannot be equipped with opening windowsthen it is not suitable as a residential building.
The interior of the attic has a number of features that distinguish it from other rooms.
ROOFS WITH GEDS interesting in that one of them, or even both, can be moved deep into the attic space, and the vacated area can be used as a covered balcony or terrace.
The vertical plane can be completely or partially glazed with energy-saving double-glazed windows and thereby attract the maximum amount of light into the attic, as well as visually expand the territory.
When the windows are located in the inclined plane of the roof, then only dormant window structures are applicable here.
Such windows take out 10-15 cm beyond the roof plane and have a special swivel opening system.
Those who wish to equip a balcony not at the pediment, but in the roof slope, two options can be recommended.
The first (photo on the right) is a very expensive, but well-thought-out roof window system for balconies.
Its design feature is the method of opening: the inclined part rises up, forming a translucent visor, and the vertical part opens according to the principle of an ordinary door.
The second option (photo on the right) is to move the parapet deep into the room so that its height reaches more than two meters.
This is enough to insert ordinary balcony windows with a hinged door into the resulting vertical plane.
At the same time, the usable area will not suffer much, since the little-used zone of the junction of the roof and the ceiling is involved.
ABOUT THE WALLS and ceiling, sloping planes open up new possibilities for decoration and limit traditional design techniques.
So, for example, the sharp corner of the junction of the roof and the floor can be made functional in two ways:
- install a vertical wall (parapet), and behind it place storage places, niches for heating radiators, wiring and pipes;
- to make custom-made furniture, the back of which will follow the contour of the sloping wall.
PARAPET HEIGHT is chosen by no means arbitrarily and depends on the angle of inclination of the roof plane. Here are its minimum values \u200b\u200bwhen the roof slopes in:
- fifty0 – parapet from 75cm,
- 450 – parapet from 90cm,
- 350 – parapet from 120 cm.
The diagram clearly shows what furniture can be placed at the parapets of one or another height.
The minimum height is usually used when you want to maximize the attic area.
It is clear that you can’t get close to a wall with a height of 75 cm, but it is quite possible to place furniture for sleeping or sitting near it.
ATTIC CEILING can be limited to a traditional horizontal overlap – this technique is good for modern interior design styles.
The broken line formed by the roof slopes looks much more impressive, it visually increases the height and opens the horizontal beams of the wooden roof structure.
This is a characteristic feature of loft styles and European ethnics, which are at the peak of popularity in modern suburban construction.
Minimum values ceiling height (horizontal beams) are:
- for residential premises – 2.5 m,
- for a bathroom and bedrooms – 2.2 m,
- for utility rooms (pantry, wardrobe) – 1.9 m.
BEDROOM AND LIVING ROOM
Sleeping places near sloping walls in the attic have either a headboard to the parapet, or a long side along the wall. With this placement, maximum comfort is achieved when using them.
As for the seating furniture, it is positioned so that the person who gets up turns towards the open space of the interior.
A bathroom and a bathroom in the attic can only be located above the non-residential premises of the lower floor.
When planning the placement of plumbing, it is very important to ensure the safety of its operation – a sloping roof should not restrict freedom of movement.
The recommended parameters are as follows: the height from the bottom of the bathroom to the ceiling should be at least 2.1 – 2.2 m, from the upper level of the washbasin – 1.65 – 1.75 m.
In the attic, three options for the location of the working area of \u200b\u200bthe kitchen are used.
1. The direction along the gable or vertical wall allows you to equip the work area with minimal restrictions.
2. You can make a corner placement, in which the sink and stove will adjoin the gable, and the cutting surface and cabinets will run along the sloping wall.
The most enjoyable part of designing a home is decorating. Here it is no longer necessary to use figurative thinking in order to imagine how the interior might look after finishing. It is enough to “try on” a ready-made design from the Internet to your attic and make small adjustments…
The lack of distinction between the color of the floor, walls, ceiling will make a low room more comfortable.
The favorite destination for the attic among the owners of multi-meter mansions is a winter garden or a billiard room.
An attic room as a study is less common, and even then among those owners who prefer to work in solitude in it, rather than hold business meetings.
This office is made in a slightly ascetic colonial style.
And in this photo of the attic design, there is also an office, but in a more romantic Provence style. It seems to me that it will be very cozy to write a new book here – the atmosphere is inspiring…
Living room in the attic can look very stylish and modern, despite the many wooden beams. The proof of this is this project (in the photo above – a modern styling of the interior of the chalet).
But in the country, the main purpose of the attic is the territory of sleep. And there is no point in cluttering it with furniture, on the contrary, the fewer items, the more spacious. By the way, in order to visually enlarge the space, it is enough to paint everything (from the walls to the furniture) in one color. The favorite of designers for decorating residential attics is white and all its shades.
The photo shows another attic in white, however, this is already a full-fledged city apartment. The floor plan is open. moreover, all “extra! elements” are effectively involved:
- the beams are painted in a contrasting color of dark wood and are a luxurious decoration of the ceiling,
- ventilation shafts are played as free-standing walls, some are plastered, others are left in their original form – brickwork. painted to match the interior
From all this, the interior of the attic only benefited. He lost his monotony and acquired sophistication.
It’s still the same attic, just from a different angle…
Similar to the previous idea of a contrasting attic solution from the inside, but in a slightly different interpretation. Ivory dominates here (walls, furniture), wenge is used as a contrast and a slight color addition of a brick shade.
Building urban residences with lofts is a new trend among developers of low-rise apartment buildings. But how to master the premises of such an unusual configuration is sometimes a problem for newcomers.
The first step is to make sure the quality of the roof insulation. which also serves as walls 🙂 If anything, it’s better to make an effort and bring it to the desired level.
And only after that it is worth designing. By the way, an unreasonably high parapet can be dismantled and moved away, and a bed can be placed next to it. The floor area will be noticeably increased, and with it the usable area.
If the attic for you is nothing more than an empty area, why not arrange a room for games or secluded relaxation there?
And again, the contrasting color of the beams in the attic… This time Their tone flows onto the flooring, and the furniture repeats the color of the sloping walls. All this helps to avoid fragmentation in a small room.
A good example of how you can effectively use the space inside the attic. This design is made in the colonial style and in its own tradition to equip storage space under the sofa – a lot of drawers.
Japanese-style beds (to be precise, their absence 🙂 will be a welcome guest on a low attic floor.
Another way to visually increase the interior space of the attic is to mirror the wardrobe doors.
The attic design in the photo above contains two great ideas:
- use as a contrasting addition to dark beams not white, but terracotta color (these walls are finished with Venetian plaster of this shade as opposed to the color of wenge wood on the beams)
- equip a home theater in the attic; if there are shading blinds made of black-out material on the windows, the most comfortable environment for viewing will be created.
If there is a sleeping room in the attic of a residential building (dacha is an exception), then a bathroom must be attached to it in pairs – this is an axiom.
Provence style will not leave indifferent romantics, and if you are a fan of it. then you can apply it in a small attic by arranging a bath or a bed in pastel colors there.
The top photo shows the interior design of the attic in honey tones. Absolutely all surfaces are made of lining, toned and varnished.
The heterogeneity of color was due to the fact that the wood has an uneven density and in looser places it turns out to be an order of magnitude darker due to the collection of more paint.
So that everything inside does not look monotonous, the designer changed the direction of the planks in different places of the finished surfaces: they lie diagonally on the floor, horizontally at the level of the parapet, and above they have a vertical orientation.
A beautiful attic project for a complex sloping roof (the kink on it is directed not outward, but into the attic) is presented in this photo.
The pinkish-beige neutral hue of the walls is in harmony with the oregano-colored beams and the pine plank floor. Maple-colored bed, dark wood furniture – everything is so heterogeneous, but surprisingly harmoniously intertwined in one cozy interior.
You have a house in the village with a barn covered with a strange asymmetrical roof and a glazed wall in the attic. Where I have a cottage there are plenty of them. And the plots were bought out by summer residents, but these buildings stand idle, littered with urban, obsolete things.
But, if you put your hands and imagination, then from such an outbuilding it is quite possible to get a kitchen or a guest house. How the attic floor may look like is shown in the top photo.
Another attic interior with white lining: most likely, this is a small cottage, the attic of which was prudently made residential and quite comfortable.
The design of the attic under a sloping roof of the same name is shown in the photo above. Of interest to the reader here is the rational layout of the space: a low parapet on one side and a high one on the other.
Behind the high parapet are hidden places for storing things, a toilet, etc. quite possibly a shower room.
At first glance, the attic in the photo above looks expensive to finish. But those who have already worked with wood are well aware that it is not so difficult to choose mahogany-colored varnish for painting pine, and choosing a laminate of the appropriate tone is only a matter of time.
A bit of plaid fabric upholstery – and a fairly respectable interior in the English style is ready.
Pay attention to how the walls of this attic are finished? This is not striped wallpaper, but sheathing from unpainted wooden beams. Quite expensive and troublesome to maintain, but original …
The most suitable companion for wood of warm shades is a muted blue color. It can be wallpaper, furniture upholstery or just a bedspread.
The Scandinavian-style children’s room in this photo turned out to be quite light and spacious. In order to avoid the “coldness” of the room, the designer abandoned the snow-white and blue inherent in this style, replacing them with ivory (baked milk) and light unpainted wood.
There is no such thing as too much natural light! Not only does the attic in the top photo have windows on an inclined plane, but it also has a glazed pediment… It turned out to be a cozy living room overlooking the garden.
Constantly sleeping in the same room with children is an inconvenient option, but quite acceptable for a summer residence.
The method of fastening curtains in the inclined plane of the attic floor differs significantly from the traditional one. Requires additional fastening at the fracture site.
A minimum of decoration on the attic floor is stylish. The main thing is to combine all the details of the interior with one color, for example, white, as done in this design project.
The same technique, but in a slightly different style. As you can see, design is all about the details.
The photo of this attic clearly shows how different textures of natural shades naturally combine: the soft tones of wood in the lining, the neutral gray color of the stone in the tile and the color of sea sand in the carpet.
Beautiful, expensive, elegant: Venetian plaster, designer lamps, expensive chiffon on the windows. And the rest, everything is quite simple and without bells and whistles.
In this photo of the attic, I was attracted by the unusual design of the windows, or rather, their location. Unusual and quite logical …
And here you can see in detail the device of pivoting roof windows.
This attic project is rather for an amateur, but it has everything from the kitchen (photo in the background) to an impromptu “soft corner”.
The staircase to this attic is located along the long axis of the house. There are no walls at all in the attic itself. except for the glass blocks that enclose the bathroom. A somewhat unexpected combination of techno and half-timbered style, but overall, it looks good.
At first glance, it may seem that the roof of this attic is made of a translucent material, most likely polycarbonate, but if you look closely, this is just a sheathing illuminated from the inside. A good idea for such a poorly lit room.
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